Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes makes up 90-95% of all cases of diabetes. It is caused by a deficiency of insulin. The commonest cause of insulin deficiency is the natural ageing process: with natural aging, the cells that produce insulin gradually die off. Everybody will develop diabetes if they live long enough and every person with diabetes will eventually require insulin. Insulin resistance is commonly associated with overweight, deconditioning, a family history of diabetes, and certain medications such as prednisone and psychiatric drugs.

Type 2 is mainly characterized by the following features:

  • Insulin resistance, in which insulin is produced but becomes less effective
  • Insufficient insulin production
  • Condition typically develops after the age of 40
  • Excess weight and obesity
  • Significant family history
  • Typically managed through lifestyle therapy, coupled with oral antidiabetic drugs.

People with Type 2 diabetes can achieve excellent sugar control with the help of lifestyle therapy (diet & exercise) and oral medication. To get further assistance, contact our office or get a direct referral from your family physician. We can take care of you from there on!

type 2 diabetes glucose level

 

Healthy glucose level

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