bcdiabetes.ca | Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

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Type 2 diabetes makes up 90-95% of all cases of diabetes. It is caused by a deficiency of insulin. The commonest cause of insulin deficiency is the natural ageing process: with natural aging the cells that produce insulin gradually die off.  As such everybody will develop diabetes if they live long enough; and every person with diabetes will eventually require insulin. Insulin deficiency is contributed to by reduced insulin action, also known as “insulin resistance”. Insulin resistance is commonly associated with overweight, deconditioning, a family history of diabetes & certain medication such as prednisone and psychiatric drugs.  For the majority of individuals with Type 2 diabetes excellent sugar control can be effected with the combination of lifestyle therapy (diet & exercise) and oral medication.

Type 1 diabetes accounts for the remaining 5-10% of diabetes.  Type 1 diabetes is caused by the immune destruction  of insulin-secreting cells.  Type 1 diabetes requires insulin therapy for life.

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